Facts about Goldenseal

GOLDENSEAL: THE PLANT

  • A perennial herb with yellow knotted roots

  • Goldenseal has a four year growth period

  • Roots and rhizomes contain bioactive compounds

  • Traditionally used in Native American medicine

Goldenseal

Hydrastis Canadensis

Popular since the mid-1800’s

Cultivated in Eastern North America

Continued use of goldenseal today

Considered an endangered plant

Hydrastis Canadensis

Wild goldenseal is found in eastern North America, from southeastern Canada, Vermont, and Minnesota in the north to Georgia and Arkansas in the south. Due to overharvesting, Goldenseal is considered an endangered species.

Today, about 250,000 pounds of primarily wild rootstock are sold each year and more than 60 million goldenseal plants are picked each year without being replaced.

Bioactive Compounds- isoquinoline alkaloids (roots):

  1. Hydrastine

  2. Berberine

  3. Canadine

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